Map Skills: World Countries and Capitals
In this sequence of lessons, the children will be extending their knowledge of maps and places through learning about world countries and capitals. At the same time, they will be introduced to some of the complexities of human geography with opportunities to make meaningful comparisons and to reveal hidden patterns.
Having previously explored the UK’s place in Europe and its neighbouring countries in Year 3 in both Geography and History, the children will embark on an explorative journey of the world, discussing the concepts of countries and regions. They will learn what bounds a country together and learn to recognise symbols which mark a country’s identity.This unit will allow the children to frequently use the world map, which will allow for a smooth transition into their study of biomes and climate zones later in Year 4. At the end, the pupils will learn about different ways countries work together in political associations and some of the associations the UK is a part of. Finding out how nations can cooperate with each other will raise questions about underlying values and the children can recognise and discuss how the British Values fit into the beliefs and principles of The EU, Commonwealth and UN. Moreover, their understanding of the ways these alliances can combat some global environmental and security issues prepares the children to take their place in the world as global citizens.
UK Knowledge - England
Building on their knowledge of the UK as part of Europe from Year 3, the pupils will continue their studying of the 4 countries of UK. Having learned about Scotland in Year 3, the pupils will be guided to build their knowledge of England’s key topographical features and land use patterns.
Through the study of the human and physical features of the country they live in, they will be able to make an effective comparison between the previously studied region of Peloponnese and the region of East England and its counties. The focus on East England is not incidental; it draws on the children’s previous experience with it when learning about the Romans in Year 3 and Boudicca, and it will give them a chance to observe how the region changed over time by learning about the Anglo-Saxons’ invasions in History in the second half of the Spring term.The pupils’ learning will be continued in Year 5 by studying Wales.